A person may be referred to a kidney doctor for:

  • Acute renal failure
  • Stage 2-5 chronic kidney disease
  • Low "kidney function" (Glomerular Filtration Rate of <60ml/min)
  • Chronic or frequent urinary tract infections
  • High blood pressure that is difficult to control
  • Kidney Stones
  • Blood in the urine
  • Protein in the urine
  • Anemia
  • Mineral and Bone Disorders
  • Electrolyte Disorders (Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium)
  • Swelling in the Feet and Ankles
  • Kidney Transplantation and Immunosuppression Management
  • Renal Cystic Disease
  • Dialysis